Fall is a season of new beginnings, the days are shorter and the temperatures cooler. The landscape becomes bursting with rich colors of burgundy red, gold, purple and yellow. Hardy mums are front and center of the fall garden along with pumpkins and gourds. Whether you grow them as seasonal annuals or perennials that come back in the garden every year mums give your landscape a pop of color from September to November. If you find them to be a bit fussy and a challenge look no further we have the answers.
Mums are an easy to grow low-maintenance plant that grows equally well in garden beds and mixed containers. They are drought resistant and relatively pest free. Planting mums in the garden is a great way to add late season color to your landscape. They continually bloom for weeks at a time and prefer at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. Preparing the soil for mums requires adding quality compost to the existing garden beds. Improving the condition of heavy dense soil improves growing conditions for the plants. Mums prefer well-drained soil.
Watering mums can be a challenge. The most common problem is overwatering. As mentioned above garden Mums are drought tolerant. Overwatering can lead to leaves wilting, which can be mistaken for being too dry. This is common problem for those who have outdoor irrigation in place. If this has happened to you take a hands off approach, meaning ‘back off’ of regularly or daily watering. As the daylight decreases and nights turn cooler plants are not drying out as quickly as they do in a garden during the summer months. If you are growing Mums in containers allow the soil to dry thoroughly. Physically checking the soil daily with your hand is helpful. If the pot or container feels light in weight and the soil feels dry then proceed with watering. Avoid the mums drying and wilting. Letting them go too dry too long will diminish the blooms and color.
Fertilize mums in mixed container gardens using Jack’s Classic blossom booster 10-30-20 or All -Purpose 20-20-20. Plants in the garden should be planted using Espoma Bio-Tone Starter Fertilizer the first year. Then fertilize monthly the second year of growth from May to August.
Hardy mums can tolerate the frosty cool nights in the fall and can easily be overwintered for the next season. The key to successfully overwintering mums is to plant early. Planting in early fall allows the plants to become established before winter. Once a hard frost occurs stems and leaves will turn black. Cut plant back leaving an inch to one and a half inches above the ground and cover with mulch. Garden Mums can grow naturally to heights of 12-48 inches. To keep plants compact and encourage more branching pinch back plant tips twice during the summer months. First pinching occurs in June. When plant has grown 6-8 inches pinch tops off each branch about 2 inches. Pinch again in July, 2 inches off each branch from the new growth. This will strengthen plants and encourage blooming.
Falls rich display of colorful garden mums are unmistakable and a welcome sight after a long hot summer.